Techniques for the Reduction of CO₂ Emissions for Solid Waste Collection Vehicles

By Oomesh Gukhool, Chandradeo Bokhoree, Romeela Mohee and Gholam Jamnejad.

Published by The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Carbon management is becoming an important element of integrated waste management. The collection of waste is an essential and costly aspect of waste management that contributes to greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. The soaring number of inhabitants in urban areas has led to the use of bigger and more sophisticated collection vehicle, with superior engine power. As a result, diesel consumption has increased significantly amid a higher emission in CO2. Studies have shown that emission of these collection vehicles are highly influenced by the amount of waste hauled by the vehicle. For this reason, this paper presents a series of recommendations to assist local authorities in planning the collection process such that it reduces its environmental impacts as well as running costs. The recommendations are established based on collection routes, vehicle attributes, collection process types, and other core elements affecting the collection and hauling of waste. Lowering diesel consumption of these collection vehicles is therefore fundamental to reduce CO2 emissions, since waste generation is unrelentingly increasing over time.

Keywords: Emission, CO₂, Collection, AS-RT, ACO, Waste

International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp.109-116. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.286MB).

Dr. Oomesh Gukhool

PhD Student, School of Sustainable Development and Tourism, University of Technology, Pointe-Aux Sables, Mauritius

Oomesh Gukhool was born in Mauritius, and graduated with a BSc (Hons.) in Business Information System in 2005, from the University of Technology, Mauritius. He worked as IT Consultant. At present, he is completing his PhD at the University of Technology, Mauritius. The focus of his PhD research is the waste collection optimisation using adaptive ant agents. He is a member of the International Solid Waste Association.

Dr. Chandradeo Bokhoree

Senior Lecturer, School of Sustainable Development and Tourism, University of Technology, Pointe-Aux-Sables, Mauritius

Chandradeo Bokhoree, a native of Mauritius, was educated at the University of Mauritius, and at Loughborough University in UK, where he was awarded his PhD in 2004. He was a research scholar at the New Jersey Institute of Technology in the USA in 2001/2003. He was a Lecturer in the School of Business Informatics and Software Engineering at the University of Technology, Mauritius until 2006, when he was appointed as Senior Lecturer. His research interests focus on the development and application of modelling techniques and adaptive technologies for sustainable development. He is currently the principle investigator on numerous consultancy projects geared towards finding practical solutions for a sustainable Mauritius.

Prof. Romeela Mohee

Professor, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius

Dr. Romeela Mohee is Professor in the Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering at the University of Mauritius. She is an energy engineer, with specialization in environmental engineering. Her research is focused on waste conversion processes, bioenergy, solid waste management, beneficial reuse of waste materials, heat and mass transfer modeling. She obtained her PhD at the University of Mauritius in 1998 under the supervision of eminent professors from the University of Leeds (UK) and Clemson University (USA). Dr Mohee has more than 60 international publications, several conference papers, book chapters, technical and consultancy reports, more than 10 MS and 10 ongoing PhD supervisions to her credit. She is also a highly active and much solicited solid waste management expert in Mauritius and numerous Sub-Saharan countries.

Gholam Jamnejad

Senior Lecturer, School of the Built and Natural Environment, Glasgow Caledonian University Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK

After completing an honours degree Dr Jamnejad worked in the construction industry for 5 years. In 1978 he commenced a PhD programme at Queen Mary College, University of London. After successful completion of his PhD in 1982 he took up a postion as lecturer at Sunderland University. In 1998 he moved to Glasgow Caledonian University. He is currently a Senior Lecturer at the school and Programme Leader for MSc Energy and Environmental Management and MSc Waste Management.

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