Source Apportionment and Chemical Characterization of Trace Elements in Aerosols at Kolhapur City

By Atul Ayare and G. Srinikethan.

Published by The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Aerosols were collected using a High Volume Sampler (HVS) during September 2008 – June 2009 at Kolhapur city in Maharashtra, India, a location downwind of industrial cluster of Gokul Shirgaon and shiroli. The trace elements like Copper (Cu), Ferrous (Fe), Cadmium (Cd), Zinc (Zn), Manganese (Mn), Nickel (Ni) and Lead (Pb) etc. were analyzed by acid digestion thereby chemical characterization using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer & the sources were identified using a receptor model like US EPA Positive Matrix Factorization. This research paper describes the results achieved by chemical characterization and thereby source apportionment of aerosols and contribution of each trace element to the respective sources and also, covers the details on source apportionment methodology and resources for conducting an experiment.

Keywords: Aerosols, Source Apportionment, Trace Elements, Receptor Modeling, Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF 3.0)

International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp.65-86. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 2.656MB).

Dr. Atul Ayare

Research Scholar, Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Karnataka (NITK), Surathkal, Mangalore, India

Presently, Atul Ayare is doing his Doctoral Program in Chemical Engineering at National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal, India since 2007 under the guidance of Dr. G. Srinikethan, Professor in Chemical Engineering. He was offered Monbukagakusho (Japanese Government) Scholarship in 2005 to pursue research in Environmental Science especially Atmospheric and Air Pollution Modeling at University of Tsukuba, Japan during 2005-06.Also, he worked as Research Assistant at Terrestrial Environmental Research Centre, Japan for 2005-06 and assisted six research projects on Atmospheric and air pollution modeling and simulation. He was guided and advised by Dr. Fujio Kimura and Dr. Suguiura Norio of Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences at University of Tsukuba, Japan. During 1999-2002, he worked as Co-Investigator on World Bank Aided Environmental Management Capacity Building (EMCaB) Project with emphasis on River Pollution and Waste Water Treatment.

Dr. G. Srinikethan

Professor in Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Karnataka (NITK), Surathkal, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Dr. G. Srinikethan is Professor in Chemical Engineering at NITK, Surathkal, India. Also, He is Dean(Academic Affairs) at NITK, Surathkal, India since 2008. He is Chairman of Karnataka State Environmental Impact Assessment Authority. He has published many research papers in International and National Journals as well as conferences. His research interest is Tranfer operations, Industrial pollution control, Environmental Biotechnology and Hydrodynamics.

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