The aim of this paper was to establish a method that helps to analyze the most important factor, the climatic conditions with respect to thermal comfort in buildings. The impact of building location and climate on thermal comfort were investigated.
First of all the climate determines the amount of solar radiation and mean outside temperature that a building is exposed to. The climate also influences the amount of energy that is used for heating and cooling but also the amount of energy that is used for lighting. There is solar excess which determines the amount of solar energy that is not wanted in the building. With growing amounts of glass and a glazing system that allows large solar heat gains, the impact of orientation is substantial. Typical hourly weather data for Norway were analyzed. A detailed analysis was conducted to evaluate the potentials for improving thermal comfort. Detailed results are given in sample graphics and tables in the paper. The results showed that thermal mass has a good potential in Norwegian climate. The results show that in particular in the warmest summer months (July and August) the potential for comfort improvements is up to 80%. The design of double-skin facades as a climate responsive building element should take this into consideration.
|Keywords:||Climatic Design, Double-Skin Facade, Natural Ventilation, Thermal comfort|
Research Scientist, Department of Buildings, Trondheim, Norway
Professor, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Architectural Design, History and Technology., Trondheim, Norway
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