Glacial Melt and Climate Change in the Himalayas: Building Adaptive Strategies for the Future

By Prakash Rao, Gopala Areendran and Rajesh Kumar.

Published by The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

According to the recent IPCC report, the mean global surface temperature has increased by 0.74 C over the last 100 years (1906-2005). 11 of the 12 warmest years have been recorded in the past 12 years. The findings of the IPCC Assessment Report (2007) suggest that there has been a significant decline in the mountain glaciers and snow cover, which has contributed to the increased sea
levels. From 1961 to 2003, the global mean sea level rose by 1.8 (+0.5) mm per year and the the global temperature of the oceans increased by 0.10oC from surface to depth of 700m from 1961- 2003 and 80% of the heat added to the climate system is being absorbed by the ocean. Other long term climatic
changes that have been observed include extreme droughts, intensity of tropical cyclones, changes in the salinity of the ocean and wind patterns. In the later half of 20th century, a threefold increase in the rate of retreat has been observed in Himalayan Glaciers with an increased rate of retreat since
advent of industrialisation . There are definite linkages seen with excessive increments in earth’s average global surface temperature as brought by various studies around the world.

Keywords: Himalayas, Glaciers, Climate Change, Water Resources, Adaptation, Remote Sensing

The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp.171-180. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.695MB).

Dr. Prakash Rao

Senior Coordinator, Climate Change and Energy Programme, WWF India New Delhi, India

Dr. Gopala Areendran

-, -, WWF India New Delhi, -, India

Rajesh Kumar

Extension Centre, Birla Institute of Technology, Jaipur, India


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