Glaciers are significant drinkable water resources from the past; in a manner that solar radiation energy (SRE) influences the earth surface and hence causes ice to melt accordingly. On the other hand glaciers’ dynamic movements from higher elevation on mountains to lower areas create geomorphic shapes. The heights below permanent snow-line where ice starts to melt and also the affected conditions are prone to various parameters and such investigations need multi-disciplinary approaches.
This paper presents that water-ice equilibrium elevation on various slopes is affected by different energy fluxes according to different geographic directions.
Tracing bygone geomorphic evidences which formed in early quaternary period, and determining the old water-ice equilibrium obtained based on Catchment Method via morphological techniques and climatological analysis respectively. GIS, RS techniques and statistical methods have been utilized for data analysis.
The water-ice equilibrium line on northern and southern slopes had been formed on 1650 meters and 2100 meters height respectively. In lieu of receiving 1304.35 W/h SRE the temperature of glacial regions increases 1 degree Celsius. The water-ice line recession is proportionally relevant to received SRE.
|Keywords:||Solar Radiation Energy, Old Water-Ice Equilibrium, Elburz Mountain Ranges|
Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, TRNC, Cyprus
Rector of University, Department of Georgraphy, Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
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