Impacts of Global Climate Change on Rice Production in Bangladesh and Related Policy Implications for Food Security

By Shahed Mustafa.

Published by The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Bangladesh is the seventh largest rice producers in the world. Almost the whole quantity of rice produced is consumed within the country. Rice is deeply rooted to the food habit of Bangladeshis. From this necessity Bangladesh needs to take early steps for combating the effect of global climate change on rice production. The climate-yield relationship in rice production is analysed using A1B, A2, and B1 scenarios. Rice yields of the three varieties, Aus, Aman, and Boro is projected using average annual historical growth rate with climate parameters, such as CO2 concentration, temperature, and rainfall. The projected growth in yield which is calculated by historical growth rate is compared with the growth of yield projected in three SRES scenarios. The three rice models are projected up to the year of 2080, starting from 2011. The software Vensim is used for the simulation. In this study it is found that "Boro" is the most affected variety in the changing scenarios of climate. For improving the production of rice, Bangladesh needs to strengthen institutional capacity and research towards climate resilient cultivars, develop climate resilient production technologies, and disseminate information to growers about weather forecasts through early warning systems.

Keywords: Climate Change, Environment, Rice Production

International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 7, Issue 2, June 2015, pp.1-14. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.783MB).

Shahed Mustafa

Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Public Administration, Dhaka, Bangladesh

The author is working in the public sector of Bangladesh and related with the development activities of the government. He has completed his Graduate Diploma and Masters in International and Development Economics in the Australian National University, Australia. He received Australia Award scholarship to study in Australia. The author works in the rural areas of Bangladesh and coordinates central government’s projects such as poverty reduction and minimising climate change impacts. In the course of his job the author observed how people live below poverty line are affected by the impacts of global climate change. Natural disasters caused by climate change displace people in the rural areas and make them climate refugee. This convinced the author to study climate change and contribute to the change of condition of ultra poor people.

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