|Published online: November 6, 2014||$US5.00|
Marine ecotourism is a sector of sustainable tourism. It is considered as a rapidly growing and profitable market which takes into account the environmental conservation reducing environmental impacts and promoting local communities interests. In general, marine ecotourism should be nature based, educational and managed in accordance with the sustainability theory. Its development should be strongly related to the Integrated Coastal Zone Management process, respecting the approach of Marine Spatial Planning and following the principles of the EU’s Blue Growth Strategy. Marine ecotourism includes various activities, either water-based, or land-based as well as both. Marine ecotourism is beneficial for local economies, restoring traditional economic sectors. Also, it causes significant positive results to the natural environment offering a new, more sustainable world outlook to people involved and helping to raise funds. However, in case that it is not planned, practiced and managed properly, it has always the risk of negative environmental impacts. In this paper the concept of marine ecotourism is examined, including objectives, activities, positive and potentially negative effects. Moreover, as a case study, the application of marine ecotourism in a Mediterranean island is examined.
|Keywords:||Ecotourism, Environment, Sea, Sustainability|
International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp.33-39. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: November 6, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 826.088KB)).
Professor in Geo-chemical Oceanography, Faculty of Shipping and Industry, Department of Maritime Studies, University of Piraeus, Athens, Greece
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