Macro- and Micro-Observations Towards Signs of Climate Change and Its Immediate Socio-economic Impacts to Urban Society: Case Study of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

By Ombeni Andrew Swai.

Published by The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Climate change is a phenomenon that still brings mixed feelings to humankind amid its obvious alarming implications to the fragile globe in which we live today. However, the efforts to curb it could be hampered by the observable fact that climate change has not been locally interpreted to be experienced from within the neighborhoods.
This study was carried out in the city of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, where both climatic parameters of the city for the past thirty years and the social implications in the downtown neighborhood are analyzed. The main objective is to find a linkage between scientific-based data (climate parameters) results and socio-environmental-based data (feedback from the neighborhood) about climate change. It is hypothesized that a combination of the scientific and socio-environmental-based data together will help people at the grassroots level (neighborhood) understand the vulnerability to their community and lives due to climate change. In so doing, it will be easy to educate them to eradicate and mitigate the causes of climate change. This paper presents only the findings based on the climate parameters.
Analytical results from the climatic parameters show that there is an increase of temperature and humidity, while rainfall is gradually decreasing over the past thirty years. This observation is one of the signs of climate change in Tanzania. Finally, the corresponding outcomes between the climate parameter results and the socio-environmental results were clarified. Moreover, the socio-spatial impacts of climate change were revealed.

Keywords: Climate Change, Energy, Lifestyle, Weather, Social

International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 5, Issue 3, July 2014, pp.15-39. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.067MB).

Dr. Ombeni Andrew Swai

Research Fellow, Department of Architecture and Urban Design, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Kyushu, Japan


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