Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions of American Households in Light of Sustainability Strategies
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from human activities, land-use changes, and transportation are the main cause of the global climate change. Reduction of GHG emissions by raising global pollution awareness and reasonable actons to conserve and increase efficiency is essential to sustainable living. Per capita Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emission in the U.S. is exceeding acceptable levels for the civilized world and is jeopardizing the well-being of the future generations. The present research postulates greenhouse gas emissions as the major environmental problem of 21st century and explores the sources of CO2 emissions in relation to household activities that directly impact environmental sustainability. Carbon Dioxide footprints of 61 surveyed households, whocompleted a questionnaire, were measured using Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) greenhouse gas emission calculator. Various diagrams are presented to demonstrate the impacting factors of specificbehavioral patterns in households’ enegy consumption on the size of their footprint. In conclusioin recommendations for further actions are presented.
||Greenhouse Gas Emission (GHG), Carbon Footprint Calculation, Sustainability, High density development, Transit Oriented Development, Environmental Impact
The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp.31-45.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 635.253KB).
PhD Student, School of Engineering, Transportation and Urban Infrastructure, Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD, USA
Safieh Laaly is a Doctor of Engineering Candidate, Transportation and Urban Infrastructure, at Morgan State University in Baltimore, MD. She is a landscape architect with years of experience providing design services to private firms in Baltimore area. She came to the United States in her early twenties for higher education and later traveled to Canada where she finished her undergraduate studies in Fine Arts at the University of Guelph, Ontario. She traveled with her husband and lived in different places including Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Iran while she was raising her children. She returned to US when her children became of school age and finished her master’s degree in landscape architecture at Morgan State University in 1994. She lost her job due to the lowering demand in her profession and after freelancing as a consultant and realizing the severity of the job-market she returned to academia to upgrade her skills and knowledge. She loves nature and is an advocate for the environmental sustainability.
Associate Professor, School of Engineering, Baltimore, MD, USA
Dr. Gbekeloluwa Oguntimein received his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Chemical Engineering from Iowa State University. He has over 35 years’ experience in teaching and research in food technology, biochemical, water resource and environmental process engineering. Prior to joining the school of engineering at Morgan State University (MSU), he was an Associate Professor in the department of Food Technology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria where he also served as the Acting Head of Industrial Coordinating Unit, and Sub-Dean of the Faculty of Technology. Currently he teaches environmental engineering, wastewater treatment and water resource engineering, Environmental impact and risk Assessment and Project Management at the undergraduate and graduate levels at MSU. His research areas are application of biological systems in the solution and prevention of environmental engineering problems and development of sustainable energy.
Assistant Professor, Transportation and Urban Infrastructure, Baltimore, MD, USA
Dr. Mansoreh Jeihani joined the department of Transportation and Urban Infrastructure Studies at Morgan State University as an assistant professor in January 2007. She had two years of work experience in both private and public transportation agencies before joining Morgan State. She has a multidisciplinary background, a PhD degree in Civil (Transportation Systems) Engineering and a Master’s degree in Economics from Virginia Tech, a Master’s in Socio-economics Systems Engineering from IRPD, and a Bachelor in Computer Engineering from Iran National University. Dr. Jeihani is interested in different research area such as transportation planning, transportation economics, intelligent transportation systems, and traveler behavior. She has published several papers in top tire journals and conference proceedings. She is the faculty adviser of the ITE student chapter and a member of ASCE.
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