Rapid urban growth, primarily due to the effects of globalization, is the most significant demographic phenomenon in human history. It has substantially increased the consumption of fossil-fuels and the resulting climate change since cities are the prime source of GHG emission. The situation is aggravated in developing countries by increases in poverty, desertion of fertile rural lands, deficient transport systems and urban maladministration. However, developing countries are also highly vulnerable to climate variability. They are affected by desertification; in Sudan, for example, 72% of the country’s total area lies within the climatic frame of desertification. Indeed much of the fighting in Darfur is
due to droughts and low crops yields. Post Kyoto UN meeting have not been successful in slowing the pace or reducing the magnitude of climate change. The last meeting, COP 16, in Cancún last December concluded with a deal committing all major economies to GHG cuts. The deal may restore some faith in the UN process, but it does not reduce temperatures as needed. If preventive measures are not imposed to control fast urbanization, climate change efforts will be aborted because developing cities are growing rapidly and are expected soon to emit very large volumes of GHG—more even than what developed cities are generating. In fact, China has already surpassed the USA in GHG emission. Therefore, global bias policies
that encourage fast urban growth must be revised and replaced by policies that reverse the population
movement towards cities, improve public transport and alleviate poverty while restoring rural life to
support reforestation and enhance eco-agriculture.
|Keywords:||Rapid Urbanisation, Developing Cities, GHGs, Climate, Change, Rural, Migration, Deserti- fication, Global, Policies, Rural, Development|
General Manager, Bannaga Consult, Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
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