The Carbon Sequestration Potential of Community-based Forest Management in Nepal
A climate policy initiative called ‘Reduced Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and enhancement of forest carbon stock in developing countries (REDD+) is under consideration by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This policy is aimed at national level reduction of forest emissions in developing countries, as measured against an agreed upon national reference emission level. Net emission reductions would be credited and sold to an international fund or carbon market. It was conceived originally as a mechanism to encourage countries with high rates of deforestation, such as Brazil and Indonesia, to curb large scale deforestation due to agricultural expansion and timber extraction. But its potential has also been seen in terms of rewarding indigenous people and local communities for improved management of their forests such that biomass levels remain stable or increase. Since REDD+ is performance-based, the incentive for carbon services provided by such communities will be directly dependent on the annual carbon increment. This paper examines the carbon sequestration potential of community-based forest management in four community forests in Nepal. The four community forests (CFs) selected are from different watersheds in three physiographic regions. Forest carbon pools were measured in two successive years using the standard ground based inventory techniques. The measurements indicate that these CFs (with a total area of 630 ha) had a stock of approximately 478,000 tonnes CO₂e at the end of 2009, and through the CF practices, are able to sequester an additional 4700 tCO₂e every year. Furthermore, it assesses different management practices that could affect the carbon sequestration.
||Deforestation, Forest Degradation, Biomass Pools, Carbon Sequestration, Community Forestry, Well-being
The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp.233-254.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 7.161MB).
PhD Scholar, Centre for Plant and Water Science, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, 4702, Queensland, Australia
Thakur P. Bhattarai is a Ph.D Scholar at Centre for Plant and
Water Science, Central Queensland University, Australia. His
research area is about the implication of forest carbon
payments for the forest management on the well-being of
forest-dependent communities in the developing countries.
Prior to joining PhD, he completed MSc in NRM at Cranfield
University in the UK in 2005; MA Sociology and Bachelors
Degree in Forestry at Tribhuvan University, Nepal in 2003
and 1999 respectively. He has more than 10 years of
professional experience in community forestry, natural
resource management, evaluation of environmental services
and community development. He has received numerous national
and international awards and published dozens of papers.
Associate Professor, Faculty of Management and Governance, University of Twente, Netherlands
Dr. Margaret Skutsch is an Investigadora Titular B at the
Centro de Investigaciones en Geografía Ambiental at the
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Campus Morelia.
She is also associated with the University of Twente, the
Netherlands. Her current research focuses on political,
social and technical aspects of international REDD+ policy
and particularly on opportunities for community engagement
in REDD+. Her work can be accessed on
www.communitycarbonforestry.org and www.ciga.unam.mx/redd/
Director, Centre for Plant and Water Science, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia
Professor David Midmore holds an appointment as Foundation
Professor of Plant Sciences and Director of the Centre for
Plant and Water Science at Central Queensland University in
Australia. There he researches agronomy and physiology as
they relate to crop resource use efficiency, land use
management with emphasis on erosion, runoff and deep
drainage and provisioning of ecosystems services, and
innovations in irrigation amongst others. His past research
has been conducted on five continents and currently he
shares his time between Australia and the School of
Biological Sciences, at the University of Reading in the UK
where he is a Visiting Professor.
Coordinator, REDD+ Pilot Project, The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu, Nepal
Mr. Eak B. Rana, a Nepali citizen, has been working in
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development
(ICIMOD) since 2008. He holds MSc in sustainable resource
management from Technical University of Munich, Germany. He
coordinates REDD+ project in Nepal and is responsible to
consolidate experiences, lessons and dissemination knowledge
on REDD+ and climate change adaptation initiatives in Nepal
and in Hindukush Himalayan regions. He has ranges of
experiences in the field of governance on forest resource
management. His key area of interests is ecological and
economic valuation of ecosystem services and assessing its
contribution in local livelihood improvement.
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