Designing for Future Building: Adaptive Reuse as a Strategy for Carbon Neutral Cities

By Sheila Conejos, Craig Langston and Jim Smith.

Published by The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Adapting existing buildings is a viable alternative to demolition and replacement in order to mitigate climate change and global warming. Australian cities with inherent cultural heritage fabric, like Melbourne and Sydney, are actively promoting building adaptive reuse as a strategy that supports their programme for developing carbon-neutral cities. Thus, designing for future buildings with embedded adaptive reuse potential is a useful criterion for sustainability. Building adaptive reuse entails less energy and waste, protects the buildings’ heritage values- its socio-cultural and historic meanings; while giving them a new lease of life. This paper looks into urban conservation-- an interdisciplinary field that combines adaptive reuse, architecture and community development of the built heritage. It will further introduce the development of a new rating tool known as adaptSTAR, suitable for assessing the adaptive reuse potential of future buildings to lead and help promote the development of low to no carbon built environments.

Keywords: Adaptive Reuse, Sustainability, Climate Change, Architecture, Urban Conservation

The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp.33-52. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 5.887MB).

Sheila Conejos

PhD Candidate, Institute of Sustainable Development and Architecture, Bond University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia

Sheila is currently studying as a full time PhD Candidate. Her research focus is on urban conservation, heritage conservation, adaptive reuse, urban planning and architecture related topics. Prior to her PhD studies, she studied at the United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan (2003) and at the Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand (1998). Sheila has been a licensed and practicing Architect and Urban Planner in the Philippines since 1993. She managed to be active in both industry and academic fields; she has worked as an Assistant Professor at the University of the Philippines-School of Urban and Regional Planning (1999) and also worked as a planning consultant in Cebu City, Philippines. She has worked as a Research Fellow under the Japan Government REDP-B grant in 1998 and as the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements-National Consultant to Cebu City for the Agenda 21+5 in 2000.

Prof. Craig Langston

Director of Research, Institute of Sustainable Development and Architecture, Bond University, Queensland, Australia

Following graduation from his PhD in 1995, Dr. Langston has worked as a full-time academic (teaching + research) at the University of Technology Sydney (Associate Professor), Deakin University (Professor) and now at Bond University (Professor). He is currently Associate Director (Research) in the Institute of Sustainable Development and Architecture. Prior to that, he was Associate Dean Research in the Faculty of Business, Technology and Sustainable Development for over two years. He was awarded the Bond University Vice-Chancellor’s Quality Award for Research Excellence in 2010, equivalent to University Researcher of the Year. Dr. Langston has made significant contributions to scholarship in the building and construction industry over the last ten years. This includes four books published by Butterworth-Heinemann and Elsevier, several book chapters, guidelines for life cycle costing practice in Australia, the production of three software packages used by professional firms and educational institutions, and numerous conference presentations both in Australia and overseas. He has published in well-recognized refereed journals and has served on several editorial boards, including as editor-in-chief. His PhD developed a new approach to the calculation of time equivalence in discounting via the inclusion of affordability considerations linked to predicted changes in living standards.

Prof. Jim Smith

Institute of Sustainable Development and Architecture, Bond University, Queensland, Australia

Dr. Jim Smith brings a wealth of practical expertise and academic knowledge to his role as Professor of Urban Development. After qualifying as a quantity surveyor with the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) in 1971, he worked extensively in private practice and local government in the UK and Australia. His academic career encompasses teaching positions in Singapore and Hong Kong, as well as the University of Melbourne and Deakin University where he was instrumental in developing the Bachelor of Building and the Graduate Diploma in Quantity Surveying. Dr. Smith has maintained close ties with industry as a specialist cost advisor in private practice and to state government departments. Smith is also part of the team that has been chosen as building cost adviser in one of the preferred consultant teams appointed by the Federal Government Department of Environment and Water Services in January 2007. He is also actively involved in research with a particular focus on the strategic client briefing stages of project development, the construction and cost planning of conservation and heritage projects. He has published numerous refereed international journal papers and conference papers and has co-authored six books on construction cost planning and management.


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