An Analysis of the Effectiveness of Funding for Climate Change Adaptation Using Tuvalu as a Case Study

By Roy Smith and Sarah Hemstock.

Published by The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Located 1100 km north of Fiji, Tuvalu is composed of 9 atolls, disseminated across nearly 1 million km² of territorial waters. The flat low-lying islands of Tuvalu make this tiny nation the most exposed to climate change impact. Tuvaluan society seems to be aware of climate change implications. The total population is around 10,500 people and with a total land surface of only 26 km² the population density is high. Geographical conditions and isolation have negative impacts on the national economy. There is often a distinct lack of capacity for accessing funding and implementing projects. Increased project cost associated with isolated Small Island Developing States (SIDS) often mean that projects are seen as having low impact and high cost. The effectiveness of Tuvalu’s current climate change projects (GHG abatement; food security; and biodiversity) are also assessed.

Keywords: Climate Change, International Aid, Pacific Islands, Donor Partnerships, Adaptation, Tuvalu, Vulnerability, Development

The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp.67-78. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.239MB).

Dr. Roy Smith

Principal Lecturer in International Relations, Department of History, Languages and International Studies, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK

Dr. Smith is the Programme Leader for the MA in International Development at Nottingham Trent University, UK. He holds positions on the Advisory Council of Think Global, a development education organization. He is also a member of the Council of the Pacific Island Society of the UK and Ireland. His particular research focus looks at small island developing states and their position and level of agency within the international system. He has been a Visiting Fellow at the Australian National University and undertaken fieldwork research in islands as diverse as Palau in Micronesia and Unst in the Shetland Islands. He has interests in all aspects of political, socio-economic, cultural and environmental issues related to small island states.

Dr. Sarah Hemstock

Senior Lecturer, School of Rural, Animal and Environmental Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, UK

Dr. Hemstock has an honours degree and PhD in Biology from Kings College London. Her work is currently divided between lecturing at Nottingham Trent University and consultancy work, mainly in the NGO sector. She has worked with NGOs in India, Peru, Fiji, Samoa, Tuvalu, Kiribati, Vanuatu and Sub-Saharan Africa. Her NGO work has always dealt with communities, promoting sustainable development and has involved projects as diverse as rehabilitating Inca agricultural systems–terracing and irrigation to making diesel from coconut oil in the South Pacific. She regularly travels to the Pacific island of Tuvalu to work with community groups there and conduct biodiversity surveys.

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