Exploring Co-Benefits of Clean Development Mechanism Projects: Lessons Learned from Santa Catarina – Brazil

By Luz Fernández, Janice Mileni Bogo, Julio Lumbreras and José Celio Andrade.

Published by The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The paper investigates whether the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) under the Kyoto Protocol has played a significant role in its contribution to improving people’s lives and achieving sustainable development. This research consists of an assessment of Project Design Documents (PDDs) and monitoring reports of the 20 registered CDM projects in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina up to 2010, in terms of their potential impact on the envisaged sustainable human development goals for local communities. The results support previous findings showing that the CDM under its current state and design is failing to deliver the promised co-benefits. However, a huge potential is found to foster the “win-win” outcomes if appropriate modalities and procedures are developed for the design and assessment of these co-benefits. This paper also presents a new framework for the design and monitoring of such co-benefits for a better assessment in future CDM, as well in the already existing projects. Since no CDM project has ever been rejected due to a lack of contribution to sustainable development, the main policy implication of this research is the necessity of establishing a new international verification protocol to ensure that potential co-benefits of CDM projects are identified and actually realized.

Keywords: Clean Development Mechanism, Co-Benefits, Sustainable Development, Santa Catarina-Brazil

The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp.121-142. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1013.176KB).

Luz Fernández

Researcher, Department of Industrial Chemical Engineering and Environment, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Degree in Environmental Sciences at Universidad de Castilla la Mancha (UCLM) and Master Degree in Environment and Development at King’s College of London. PhD student in Environmental Engineering at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM). Field of research: carbon markets and humand development. Work experience at both the private and the development sectors within the environmental, climate change and development fields. At the moment researchers at Research Group on Quality, Management and Sustainability and Human Development. Interest in environment, carbon markets, sustainability and human development.

Janice Mileni Bogo

Teacher and Researcher, Centro de Ciências da Administração(ESAG), Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Florianópolis, Salvador Bahia, Brazil

Degree in business administration, professor and researcher at the University of Santa Catarina (UDESC), member of the Center of Management and Socio-Economics Science (ESAG), with a master degree in Production Engineering at Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC) in the topic Environmental Management Systems and Technological Innovation. Doctoral student and researcher at Environmental Global Governance and Clean Development Mechanism Research Group in the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA). Interest in environmental and social management, sustainability and human development.

Julio Lumbreras

Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Madrid, Spain

PhD in industrial engineering at Technical University of Madrid. Titular professor of the Department of Chemical & Environmental Engineering at the Technical University of Madrid. Coordinator of the “Research Group on Quality, Management and Sustainability for Development”. Fields of research: carbon markets, emissions reductions and human development. Assistant Manager of Quality and Corporate Social Responsibility at the Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales.

José Celio Andrade

Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Salvador Bahia, Brazil

PhD in Administration. Professor at Federal University of Bahia (UFBA) - Brazil. Coordinator of the “Environmental Global Governance and Clean Development Mechanism Research Group” at UFBA. Fields of research: international environmental regimes; global environmental governance; environmental management and international relations; world carbon market and corporate strategies; Clean Development Mechanism – CDM project, cleaner technologies and sustainable development.

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