The primary purpose of government is to provide security for its citizens. Unfortunately, FEMA’s disaster relief system in its current form provides the wrong incentives to citizens and creates a situation that both increases risks of injuries and property. Mandating that all those who reside in high-risk areas purchase their own insurance (mitigation) and helping people to relocate (adaptation) would greatly reduce these risks and the future costs of disaster relief. If these changes were enacted America would likely look markedly different in a few decades, with less people living very close to the coasts, near major floodplains, or the Gulf States that are most prone to hurricanes. This is exactly the type of outcome that an emphasis on environmental security would welcome, especially as the threats from climate change increase.
|Keywords:||FEMA, Government Insurance, Environmental Security, Disaster Relief, Climate Impacts|
Professor and Program Coordinator, Graduate School of International Policy Studies, Monterey, CA, USA
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